History Odyssey: Modern Times Level 2 Study Guide
Required Resources and Alternative Book List
The following books must be obtained apart from the History Odyssey Modern Level 2 Study Guide. You may use any version, eBook, or print edition of these books. This list includes both the required books and also alternate options (see the note **).
Disclosure: This list contains affiliate links. If you purchase after clicking one of the links, Pandia Press receives a small commission at no cost to you.
Main Reference Spine: The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia (1999 or newer edition)
The History Odyssey Timeline from Pandia Press (or a homemade timeline)
Other Required and Alternate/Additional Books:
Around the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne
Things Fall Apart by China Achebe
The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling
The Red Baron by Manfred Van Richtofen
Alternate/Additional: Stay Where You Are and Then Leave by John Browne. The story of a boy who finds his father shell-shocked during World War I.
Alternate/Additional: The War Horse by Michael Morpurgo. This story follows the adventures of Joey, a farm horse who is sold to the arm and must survive during World War I.
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
Alternate/Additional: In the Footsteps of Crazy Horse by Joseph Marshall III. This is a Native-authored book that tells the story of the famous Lakota warrior during a road trip taken by a modern-day Lakota grandfather and his grandson.
Alternate/Additional: Behind Rebel Lines by Seymour Reit
Animal Farm by George Orwell
Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank
Alternate/Additional: The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
Alternate/Additional: Number the Stars by Lois Lowry
To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
Alternate/Additional: It’s Trevor Noah: Born a Crime: Stories from a South African Childhood (Adapted forYoung Readers) by Trevor Noah. The true biography of the famous comedian as he grew up in South Africa Apartheid.
Chinese Cinderella by Adeline Yen Mah
No Promises in the Wind by Irene Hunt
Alternate/Additional: Instead of this book, your student could do a research project on Dorothea Lange, an American photographer and photojournalist. Some of her most famous and powerful work was her documentation of the Great Depression.
Additional books that could be added to Modern Times Level 2:
Code Talker by Joseph Bruchac. An incredible story from World War II that highlights Native American culture and achievement.
The Night Diary by Veela Hiranandani. A tale written in diary form about the Partition of India in 1947.
I am Malala: How One Girl Stood Up for Education and Changed the World (Young Readers Edition) by Malala Yousafzai. This book connects readers with Middle Eastern current events through a young person’s perspective who was greatly impacted by the cultural and political climate of the region.
A Long Walk to Water: Based on a True Story by Linda Sue Park. Focuses on two kids in the Sudan and how their lives intersect, tackling issues of refugees and the importance of clean, available water.
The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind by William Kamkwamba. A story about the ingenuity of one young man who helped his Malawian village by bringing electricity to combat drought and famine.
Click here for a link to the Alternative/Additional list as well as suggested schedule to implement the alternative/additional books in with History Odyssey Modern Level 2: https://www.pandiapress.com/wp-content/uploads/MT-2-Alternative-Booklist.pdf
**A note from Samantha Matalone Cook, who has created our alternate/additional book list for History Odyssey: Modern Level 2:
As the world changes, so does historiography. The approaches and methods used to tell the story of history are rapidly evolving to reflect a more inclusive, holistic view of world history. There are new resources, materials, and research that, even in just the past few years, have revealed how history as a subject has missed, marginalized, or distorted the past for many people and communities.
As I work on writing a new History Odyssey series, my goal is to present middle and high school students with a history education that embodies an intersectional, balanced, global experience that connects them with concepts and skills while underlining the impact the past has had on current events.
In the meantime, I’ve created a list of some alternative books to use with the current History Odyssey Level Two series that are more aligned with the goals mentioned above but still fit within the framework of the existing curriculum.
Thanks for choosing History Odyssey,
Samantha Matalone Cook, MAT
*The Story of Mankind: Due to the polarizing nature of The Story of Mankind by Hendrick Van Loon, it is optional reading in this level two course. It should be considered a possible resource for gathering information. If students choose not to read TSOM, they might need to seek out other resources on the Internet or at a library in order to complete some of the lessons.
Lessons 1-6. Around the World in 80 Days and Geography Review
George Weber’s Lonely Islands: http://www.andamans.org
Includes a map of the travels in Around the World in 80 Days: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Around_the_World_in_Eighty_Days
Free ebook of Around the World in 80 Days through Project Gutenburg: https://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/103
Public domain version of the audio book: https://librivox.org/search?title=Around+The+World+In+Eighty+Days&author=Verne&reader=&keywords=&genre_id=0&status=all&project_type=either&recorded_language=&sort_order=catalog_date&search_page=1&search_form=advanced
The BBC program of Michael Palin’s Around the World in 80 Days is very good if you are able to locate it. It is a documentary from 1989 where Mr. Palin follows the path, roughly, from the book. You can read the text from his accompanying book here: https://www.palinstravels.co.uk/static-7
Lessons 8-10. South Africa
Free audio of the poem If by Rudyard Kipling: https://www.learnoutloud.com/Free-Audio-Video/Literature/-/If/15422
Helpful site for summarizing the Treaty of Vereeniging – https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Peace_of_Vereeniging
Timeline of the Zulu War: https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/Timeline-of-the-AngloZulu-War/
The Great Trek: https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/great-trek-1835-1846
Lessons 11-12. Scramble for Africa
Suez Canal – http://www.touregypt.net/suezcanal.htm
Events leading to the Scramble for Africa: https://www.thoughtco.com/what-caused-the-scramble-for-africa-43730
Lesson 13. Point of View- Things Fall Apart
More information about Things Fall Apart: https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/things/
Lessons 15-17. The British in India
Lessons 18-19. The British Empire
Timeline of the British Empire: https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/Timeline-Of-The-British-Empire/
Queen Victoria: https://www.history.com/topics/british-history/queen-victoria
Queen Victoria’s Children and Grandchildren: https://www.thoughtco.com/queen-victorias-children-and-grandchildren-3530653
Lessons 20-21. Australia
History of Australia: https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/History/Australia-history.htm
Interactive map with photos of various regions of Australia: https://www.australias.guide/maps/
Australian Timeline: https://www.ducksters.com/geography/country/australia_history_timeline.php
Lessons 22-24. Ireland
The Potato Famine: https://www.history.com/topics/immigration/irish-potato-famine
Short video about the Irish Potato Famine: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gAnT21xGdSk&feature=emb_logo
Song of the Famine: https://unionsong.com/u806.html
Interesting site from the town of Skibbereen, an Irish town that was devastated by the Great Famine: https://skibbheritage.com/home/skibbereen-history/
BBC Ireland Independence: Why Jan 1919 is an important date https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/46480953
Video about the Irish War of Independence: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=31lilUvmXUA&feature=emb_logo
Lesson 25. A Short History Presentation
Tips on giving an oral presentation: https://www.brighthubeducation.com/study-and-learning-tips/46133-oral-presentation-tips/
Lesson 26. European Control of Southeast Asia
Imperialism in Central and Southeast Asia: https://worldhistorycaussey.weebly.com/imperialism-in-central-and-southeast-asia.html
Lesson 27. The British in Canada
The Act of Union from 1840: https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/act-of-union
William Lyon Mckenzie: https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/mackenzie-william-lyon
Brief overview of Canadian History: https://www.thoughtco.com/quick-geography-facts-about-canada-1434345
History of Canada timeline: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_Canadian_history
Lesson 28. The British Commonwealth
Lesson 29. Japan Opens Its Borders
Short video about Meiji Japan: Reforming a Nation Through Western Development: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPhi7mZmsSY
Lesson 30. Imperialism in China
Guomindang or Chinese Nationalist Party: https://alphahistory.com/chineserevolution/guomindang/
Lesson 31. Nationalism
Lesson 32. The Decline of the Ottoman Empire
Lessons 33-34. The Crimean War
This site is practically helpful in determining the causes of the war: http://www.victorianweb.org/history/crimea/index.html
You can listen to Tennyson reading his poem, recorded on an Edison wax cylinder in 1890. Follow along with the written poem; the recording is hard to hear. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:LightBrigade-Tennyson.ogg
Florence Nightingale: https://www.history.com/topics/womens-history/florence-nightingale-1
Lesson 35. The Balkan Wars
Lesson 36. The Birth of Italy
A timeline of the events of the Risorgimento: https://www.theflorentine.net/2011/03/10/the-italian-risorgimento-a-timeline/
This short video has an overview of Italian and German unification (also has good information for lesson 37): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KSjDe9_jZk8&feature=emb_logo
Lesson 37. The Unification of Germany
Otto von Bismarck: https://www.history.com/topics/germany/otto-von-bismarck
Napoleon III: https://www.biography.com/political-figure/napoleon-iii
Lesson 39. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Complete text of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer from the Project Gutenberg: https://www.gutenberg.org/files/74/74-h/74-h.htm
This cave system is located in Mark Twain’s hometown of Hannibal, Missouri and has many of the locations that are mentioned in the book: https://www.marktwaincave.com
The Mark Twain Boyhood Home and Museum in Hannibal, Missouri has lots of great information about Mark Twain: https://marktwainmuseum.org
Lesson 40. Manifest Destiny
Khan Academy lesson on Manifest Destiny: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/the-early-republic/age-of-jackson/a/manifest-destiny
Crash Course video about Western Expansion: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q16OZkgSXfM&feature=emb_logo
Lesson 41. The Plain Wars
Homestead Act of 1862 including photos of primary documents: https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/homestead-act
Transcontinental Railroad: https://www.history.com/topics/inventions/transcontinental-railroad
General George Custer: https://www.history.com/topics/native-american-history/george-armstrong-custer
Information about the Battle of Little Bighorn from the National Park Service: https://www.nps.gov/libi/index.htm
Rutherford B. Hayes: https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/rutherford-b-hayes/
The Massacre at Wounded Knee: https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-army-massacres-indians-at-wounded-knee
Eyewitness account of the Massacre at Wounded Knee: http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/knee.htm
Short video about Wounded Knee: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UJ-cUsUg_J0&feature=emb_logo
Lesson 42. Life in Antebellum America
Primary sources about slavery in the US: https://www.loc.gov/classroom-materials/slavery-in-the-united-states-primary-sources-and-the-historical-record/#students
African-American resources including narratives from slaves:http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/aohome.html
Conditions of antebellum slavery from PBS: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2956.html
History of Transportation on the Mississippi River: https://cgee.hamline.edu/rivers/Resources/Voices/transportation1.htm
Video lessons about life in America right before the Civil War: https://study.com/academy/topic/life-in-antebellum-america-1807-1861.html
The Pre-Civil War Era: https://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/precivilwar/context/
History of Public Schools in America: https://people.howstuffworks.com/public-schools1.htm
Lesson 43. Literary Elements: Foreshadowing and Symbolism
Article about foreshadowing and how to use it in your own writing if you are a writer: https://www.masterclass.com/articles/what-is-foreshadowing-foreshadowing-literary-device-tips-and-examples#5-foreshadowing-examples-and-techniques
Video lesson about symbolism in literature: https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-symbolism-in-literature-definition-types-examples.html
Lesson 44. Rifles for Watie or The Red Badge of Courage
The full text and also study help for The Red Badge of Courage: https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/redbadge/
Lessons 45-47. The American Civil War
Library of Congress Civil War collection: https://www.loc.gov/search/?in=&q=civil+war&new=true&st=
The Gettysburg Address performed/read by various actors/singers/political figures: https://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/gettysburgaddress.htm
The Ken Burns film The Civil War is very good (possibly available on streaming services or at some libraries). This PBS site also includes a whole section for teachers with lesson plans and activities associated with the film but many are great even without the film.: http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/civil-war/
Crash Course Civil War: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rY9zHNOjGrs&feature=emb_logo
Harriet Tubman Historical Society: http://www.harriet-tubman.org
Robert E. Lee: https://www.battlefields.org/learn/biographies/robert-e-lee
Lesson 49. Around the World Prior to World War I
Some great maps that show parts of the world before WWI and situations leading up to WWI: https://www.vox.com/a/world-war-i-maps
Lesson 50. The Red Baron
The full text of The Red Battle Flyer by Captain Manfred Freiherr von Richthofen: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/41159/41159-h/41159-h.htm
Lesson 51. The Start of WWI
Maps of several areas leading up to and through WWI: https://www.vox.com/a/world-war-i-maps
Video – How a Wrong Turn Started World War I: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2JsFvcSr7BA
Lessons 52-53. The Story of World War I
Lots of great resources at the Imperial War Museums website: https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/how-the-world-went-to-war-in-1914
Short video of life in a trench: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_G4ZY66BG38&feature=emb_logo
More about the trenches: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CgykKEhfEok&feature=emb_logo
This is an interesting website to explore, this is the National Archives section on WWI: https://www.archives.gov/topics/wwi
Lesson 54. The Aftermath of World War I
Treaty of Versailles: https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/treaty-of-versailles-1
Adolf Hitler during WWI: https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/adolf-hitler-and-world-war-i-1913-1919
Interesting museum exhibit of the sound recreated of when the guns fell silent at the end of WWI: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/listen-moment-guns-fell-silent-ending-world-war-i-180970772/
Newspapers from around the world about the end of WWI: https://www.newspapers.com/topics/world-war1/end-of-world-war-i/
Lesson 55. World War I Weaponry
Lesson 56. Animal Farm
Lesson 57. The Russian Revolution- Make the Connection
Timeline of the Russian Revolution: https://www.bl.uk/russian-revolution/articles/timeline-of-the-russian-revolution
Czar Nicholas II: https://www.thoughtco.com/nicholas-ii-1779830
BBC News discussion about the body of Lenin on display 100 years after the revolution: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MPmlX4kWgjs&feature=emb_logo
An article about some American Troops who got caught up in the Russian Civil War with the White Russians: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/forgotten-doughboys-who-died-fighting-russian-civil-war-180971470/
Photos of Stalin throughout his life: https://www.bygonely.com/young-joseph-stalin/
Lesson 58. Communism
Full text of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: https://www.fulltextarchive.com/page/The-Communist-Manifesto/
Summary and full text of the Communist Manifesto: https://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/communist/summary/
Timeline of Communism: https://www.history.com/topics/russia/communism-timeline
Friedrich Engels: https://www.famousphilosophers.org/friedrich-engels/
Lesson 59. Fascism
Benito Mussolini: https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/benito-mussolini
Francisco Franco: https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/francisco-franco
Short video about Hitler’s life: https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/adolf-hitler-video
If you have the PBS passport, this PBS program is good- Rise of the Nazis: https://www.pbs.org/show/rise-nazis/
Falange Party: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Falange
Lesson 60. The Spanish Civil War
This is the first episode of a several part documentary about the Spanish Civil War: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lu5f9hp0IP4&feature=emb_logo
Lesson 61. Socialism
Difference between Communism and Socialism: https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/100214/what-difference-between-communism-and-socialism.asp
Pablo Picasso: https://www.pablopicasso.org
Guernica by Pablo Picasso: https://www.pablopicasso.org/guernica.jsp
Lesson 62. Political Satire
Totalitarianism in contrast to Authoritarianism and Fascism: https://www.thoughtco.com/totalitarianism-authoritarianism-fascism-4147699
Lesson 64. U.S.A.
Woodrow Wilson: https://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/woodrow-wilson
An article from Smithsonian Magazine about Woodrow Wilson contracting the 1918 flu while in office (includes a short video): https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/what-happened-when-woodrow-wilson-came-down-1918-flu-180975972/
Charles Lindbergh: https://www.biography.com/historical-figure/charles-lindbergh
Warren G. Harding: https://www.history.com/topics/us-presidents/warren-g-harding
Franklin Roosevelt: https://www.thoughtco.com/franklin-d-roosevelt-1779848
The Ken Burns film- The Roosevelts is very good (This documentary series focuses on Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Eleanor Roosevelt). Available on some streaming services: https://kenburns.com/films/roosevelts/
Eleanor Roosevelt: https://www.thoughtco.com/eleanor-roosevelt-1779802
Constitutional Amendments: https://www.usconstitution.net/const.html#Amends
The Jazz Age: https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/modern-world-history-1918-to-1980/america-1918-1939/the-jazz-age/
Lessons 65-66. The Great Depression
Video about the Great Depression around the world: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fqjHHhPWDw8
For fun, this is a 1937 film that was intended to boost the spirit of Great Depression-weary Americans about new technical and scientific advances. (Some of these might make you smile, like cars getting 300 miles to the gallon): https://archive.org/details/Frontier1937
Several topics concerning the Great Depression: https://www.history.com/topics/great-depression
The Ken Burns documentary series The Dust Bowl is very good. There is a lot of extra information on this website that goes along with the topic. Available on some streaming services: https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/dustbowl/
Causes of the Great Depression: https://www.thoughtco.com/causes-of-the-great-depression-104686
The Great Depression in the UK: https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/Great-Depression/
Recipes from the Great Depression era: https://www.thespruceeats.com/depression-era-recipes-1388459
Recipes from the Great Depression: https://www.tasteofhome.com/collection/depression-era-recipes/
Lesson 67. The China Civil War
The Long March: https://www.thoughtco.com/what-was-the-long-march-195155
Chiang Kai-shek: https://www.thoughtco.com/chiang-kai-shek-4588488
Lesson 68. China and Japan at War
Lesson 69. Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl
The Anne Frank house museum has some great information: https://www.annefrank.org/en/anne-frank/who-was-anne-frank/
This page from the Anne Frank Museum has a tour of the Secret Annex: https://www.annefrank.org/en/anne-frank/secret-annex/
Lesson 70. Adolf Hitler
Timeline of Adolf Hitler’s life: https://worldhistoryproject.org/topics/adolf-hitler
Colorized film footage of Hitler in Paris: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2K57x2Bkddg
Film footage of a Nazi congress (1936), Hitler giving a speech: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMbd-UYyEd0&feature=emb_logo
Lesson 71. German Expansion
Treaty of Versailles including the separation of Germany and Austria: https://www.history.com/news/treaty-of-versailles-provisions
Lesson 72. The Rise of Dictators
Lesson 73. The Start of World War II
Newspaper clippings from WWII: https://www.newspapers.com/topics/world-war2/
Information and photos of Lyudmila Pavlichenko, a very successful female sniper who fought for the Soviet Red Army and later toured North America and Britain: https://www.bygonely.com/lyudmila-pavlichenko/
Lesson 74. World War II in the West and the Pacific
War in the Pacific Timeline: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/pacific-war-pacific-1944-1945/
Ken Burns documentary The War follows Americans from different small towns through their WWII experience. This PBS website has supplementary information that goes with the material. Available on some streaming services: https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/the-war/
Winston Churchill: https://www.biography.com/political-figure/winston-churchill
Franklin D. Roosevelt: https://www.thoughtco.com/franklin-d-roosevelt-1779848
Dwight D. Eisenhower: https://www.whitehouse.gov/about-the-white-house/presidents/dwight-d-eisenhower/
Charles de Gaulle: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/gaulle_charles_de.shtml
Lesson 75. Peace
Lesson 76. Holocaust/Genocide Project
Lesson 78. United Nations
Eleanor Roosevelt and the United Nations: https://www.nps.gov/elro/learn/historyculture/udhr.htm
Lesson 80. Communist China
Lesson 81. Trouble Spots
Conflict over Kashmir: https://www.thoughtco.com/kashmir-history-and-background-2353435
Collapse of the Soviet Union: https://www.history.com/topics/cold-war/fall-of-soviet-union
Lesson 82. The Cold War
Lesson 83. New Nations
Czech Republic: https://www.britannica.com/place/Czechoslovakia
The former Yugoslavia: https://www.thoughtco.com/the-former-yugoslavia-1435415
Lesson 84. Wars in Asia
Newsreel footage from the Korean War (1950): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OF_Ts_6oSi8&feature=emb_logo
U.S. involvement: https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/korean-conflict
Korean War FAQs from China’s perspective: http://centurychina.com/history/krwarfaq.html
Photos from the Korean War: https://rarehistoricalphotos.com/korean-war-rare-pictures-1951-1953/
The Korean War Memorial in Washington D.C.: https://www.abmc.gov/about-us/history/korean-war-memorial
The Ken Burns documentary The Vietnam War is vey good, though it has some very disturbing sections especially for younger viewers. There is a broadcast version as well as a full version. This section of the PBS website has a lot of extras about the film as well as just general information about the war under the “classroom” tab. The documentary is available on some streaming services: https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/the-vietnam-war/
Part of the above PBS website, this section has stories and photos collected from viewers of the film: https://www.pbs.org/kenburns/the-vietnam-war/stories/
Ho Chi Minh: https://www.thoughtco.com/ho-chi-minh-195778
John F. Kennedy: https://www.jfklibrary.org/learn/about-jfk/life-of-john-f-kennedy
Khmer Rouge: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-10684399
Lessons 85-86. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Israeli Point of View: https://www.beyondimages.site
Palestinian Point of View: https://ifamericansknew.org/history/
Lesson 87. Iraqi Wars
Ayatollah Khomeini: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/khomeini_ayatollah.shtml
Saddam Hussein: https://www.thoughtco.com/saddam-hussein-history-1779934
Lesson 88. War on Terror
Osama Bin Laden: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/binladen/who/bio.html
Lesson 89. State-Sponsored Terrorism
Nation Master is an excellent site for statistical information on any country, including terrorist information, geography, economics, and religion: https://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/profiles
Lesson 90. To Kill a Mockingbird
Lessons 91-92. Civil Rights
Emmaline Pankhurst: https://www.thoughtco.com/emmeline-pankhurst-1779832
Elizabeth Cady Stanton: https://www.nps.gov/wori/learn/historyculture/elizabeth-cady-stanton.htm
Available on some streaming services, American Experience’s The Vote, is an excellent, in-depth look at the women’s suffrage movement in the US: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/vote/
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.: https://www.si.edu/spotlight/mlk
Lessons 93. World Economy
History of OPEC: https://energyeducation.ca/encyclopedia/OPEC_(brief_history)
Lessons 95. The Environment
Renewable Energy: https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/renewable-sources/
Environmental Disasters: https://www.history.com/news/7-deadly-environmental-disasters
The EPA website has a lot of information on environmental topics: https://www.epa.gov/environmental-topics
Lessons 96. A Modern History of Science
Suggested Books for Further Reading
Imperialism and British Control
Black Potatoes: The Story of the Great Irish Famine, 1845-1850 by Susan Campbell Bartoletti
History of Australia by Manning Clark (Out of print, check your local library)
The Penguin Historical Atlas of the British Empire by Nigel Dalziel
Far West: The Story of British Columbia by Daniel Francis
Ireland: A History by Robert Kee
The Penguin Atlas of African History by Colin McEvedy
Imperialism: A History in Documents by Bonnie Smith. Part of the Pages from History series, collection of primary source documents.
Nationalism and Unification Prior to WWI
The Crimean War by Deborah Bachrach. An account of the war for young readers.
The Age of Nationalism and Reform, 1850-1890 by Norman Rich. High School level
North America Prior to WWI
A Lantern in Her Hand by Bess Streeter Aldrich. Historic fiction. The moving account of American frontier settler Abbie Deal, who crossed the prairie to settle in Nebraska during the mid-1800s.
Bull Run by Paul Fleischman. Historic fiction. Diary accounts of 16 characters from each side fo the American Civil War.
Across Five Aprils by Irene Hunt. Historic fiction. The story of the effects on family life and community on both sides of the American Civil War.
Fields of Fury: The American Civil War by James M. McPherson. A concise account of the Civil War for young people, including details on every major battle, maps, photographs, and illustrations.
The Boy’s War: Confederate and Union Soldiers Talk About the Civil War by Jim Murphy. Diaries, journals, memoirs, and letters of boys who served in the Union and Confederate armies during the American Civil War.
Wild West: DK Eyewitness by Stuart Murray.
Co. Aytch: A Confederate Memoir of the Civil War by Sam R. Watkins. Civil War primary source. The humorous and tragic personal narrative of a soldier fighting for the South in the American Civil War.
World War I: DK Eyewitness by Simon Adams
Eyes Like Willy’s by Juanita Havill. Part of the American War series. Middle school/high school level. Tells the true story of World War I. Contains photos and maps.
Private Peaceful by Michael Morpurgo. Historic fiction. Story of Thomas Peaceful, 15-year-old soldier fighting in France in the trenches during World War I.
Gay-Neck, The Story of a Pigeon by Dhan Mukerji. Historic fiction. The story of the training and care of a carrier pigeon during World War I.
After the Dancing Days by Margaret I. Rostkowski. Historic fiction. The story of a young American girl and a wounded veteran right after World War I has ended.
Kipling’s Choice by Geert Spillebeen, translated by Terese Edelstein. The fictionalized biography that follows the true story of John Kipling, Rudyard Kipling’s son, during World War I on the Western Front.
Between the Wars
Six Days in October, The Stock Market Crash of 1929 by Karen Blumenthal. Detailed story of the event that many believed started the Great Depression in America. Contains many primary sources and photographs.
The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler by James Cross Giblin. Detailed biography with many photos for young readers.
The Depression and the New Deal: A History in Documents by Robert S. McElvaine. Part of the Pages From History series. Collection of primary source documents.
We Had Everything But Money by Deborah Mulvey (editor). Personal accounts and anecdotes that offer insight into life during the Great Depression. Describes such events as the closing of banks, looking for a job, braving the Dust Bowl, and discovering homemade fun. (Out of print. Check your local library.)
The House of Sixty Fathers by Maurice Sendak. Historic fiction. Story of Tien Pao, a young boy trapped in China and and separated from his parents during the Japanese invasion in the 1930s.
World War II: DK Eyewitness by Simon Adams
Darkness at Noon by Arthur Koestler. Historic fiction. Brutal account of Stalin’s Russia and tyrannical dictatorship at the brink of World War II. (High school level)
World War II by Loyd E. Lee. Concise account of the war including weaponry, rise of Hitler, and long-term impacts of the war. (High school level)
World War II for Kids. A History with 21 Activities by Richard Panchyk. Full of history and hands-on actives for ages 10 and up.
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Translated by H.T. Willetts. Historic fiction. The haunting tale of a typical brutal day in a Stalinist labor camp in Siberia.
Code Talker: A Novel About the Navajo Marines of World War Two by Joseph Bruchac. This young adult book tells of the Navajo men in the U.S. Marine Corp during WWII through the fictionalized tale of Ned Begay, a sixteen-year-old Navajo boy who becomes a code talker.
Shores Beyond Shores: From Holocaust to Hope, My True Story by Irene Hasenberg Butter. Irene tells the story of her childhood living through the Holocaust with her family. (Irene is still alive as of 2021, and you can find interviews with her discussing her life experiences on Youtube. She routinely talks to middle school and high school students about her life and the Holocaust.) This book is appropriate for middle school and up.
Unbroken: An Olympian’s Journey from Airman to Castaway to Captive by Laura Hillenbrand. This books tells the story of Louis Zamperini, an Olympic athlete who competed in the Berlin Olympics and then became an airman in WWII and his harrowing journey after being shot down over the ocean. (There is the original as well as a young adult version of this book.)
World War II: A Student Companion by William L. O’Neill. Encyclopedia-style, readable, concise, and informative book. (High school level)
The World Post WWII
The Cold War: A History in Documents by Allen Winkler. Part of the Pages From History series. Collection of primary source documents.
The Vietnam War: A History in Documents by Marilyn B. Young, et.al. Part of the Pages From History series. Collection of primary source documents.
The Middle East
The Handbook of the Middle East by Michael Sort
The Middle East (Kingfisher Knowledge) by Miranda Smith
The Haj by Leon Uris. Historic fiction. Story of a Palestinian-Arab family before and after the 1948 war for Israeli independence. (High school level)
Civil Rights, The Environment, and the Economy
The Encyclopedia of the Environment edited by Stephen Kellert. Out of print. Check your local library.
Freedom’s Children: Young Civil Rights Activists Tell Their Own Stories by Ellen Levine. The stories of children and teenagers who contributed to the civil rights movement in the United States.
The Civil Rights Movement for Kids: A History with 21 Activities by Mary C. Turck. Full of history and hands-on activities for ages 10 and up.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley by Malcolm X and Alex Haley.
The Civil Rights Movement: A Photographic History, 1954-68 by Steven Kasher
General and Other
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